“The kukri (Nepali = खुकुरी pronounce as khukuri) with an inwardly curved edge, similar to a machete, used as both a tool and as a weapon in Nepal.”
Khukuri is a single edge blade and the national weapon and symbol of Nepal and the Gurkhas. Khukuri is written as Khukuri or Kukuri. The Khukuri has been famous since the Gurkha war, it is a formidable weapon, a single hand small blade that can cause massive damage, the inside curve of the Kukuri, with concave shape of the blade helps deliver a huge thrust which makes it a very effective knife for chopping. With the inward curve it looks similar to Machete. It is the weapon of Gurkha soldiers, in fact its unique to them.
The curve shape of Khukuri makes it Unique and a very peculiar blade. It has been in use in Nepal for a very long time. Not only during the war but even during normal household use as well culturally and socially.
The Khukuri comes in different shapes and size but the traditional average Khukuri is usually one foot, about 15 16 sinch blade comprising of a short handle, which is made up of water buffalo bone or hardwood, Indian Rosewood, but in recent years handles have been carved out of Bones horns and even metals. The handles have a raised band in form of a ring which helps to secure the grip. It not only helps to avoid slipping of the hand from the Khukuri but it also helps to avoid upward slipping of the hand into the blade. The base of the handle also has a bulge, with a similar function for good grasp. The end of the Khukuri inserted into the blade is pointy which is jammed into the handle, which can be half way through the blade or can be a full tang which is then jammed up by a hammer at the end of it.
The blade is a single edge blade, and back is completely blunt and thicker than the inward blade. The blade thickness and dimensions vary noticeably. The back spine can be 5-10 mm thick around the handle narrowing at the front end up to 2 mm with the length of the blades varying from 26-38cm. The total length of a Khukuri is usually 40-45 cm including the handle and weighs about 450-900 grams(1-2lbs) Custom made Khukuri’s can be longer and varying in shapes. The Sirupate Khukuri is a little bit different from the traditional Khukuri. The Sirupate Khukuri has a blade resembling the leaf of Siru and are larger and slimmer than other Khukuris. The Khukuris are made up of various types of Fullers which can be Triple fuller(Tin Chira), Double Fuller (Dui Chira), Single Fuller ( Angkhola) or basic non-tapered spines with a large slanting edge.
The blades have a typical notch at the base of the blade called Cho or Kauda, Kaudi. The exact function of which is unknown but it is predicted that it helps avoid the blood from the blade to stream down to the handle making the handle slippery. It also represents a cow’s foot as well as a cow’s teats which is a reminder to that the use of Khukuri to kill cows are prohibited. It is also said that, a Khukuri once drawn out must cut or get some blood in it, and a newly drawn Khukuri’s Cho is used to cut off and draw blood.
The Khukuri comes in a well designed Scabbard, which is a typical leather sheath incorporated with wood. A typical Khukuri Scabbard also holds to small blades called Chakmak and Karda. Of which the first one is blunt and used to burnish the blade. The Khukuri is a very effective close range weapon that can inflict massive damage.